Toxic Housing

January 8, 2009 by  
Filed under Media, News

Toxic black mold in housing supplied by the U.S. government along with other health related issues has led to the current health emergency on the Pine Ridge Sioux Indian Reservation in South Dakota.

“Black Mold” is a term commonly used to describe a slimy, greenish-black substance which can result in serious health risk. This infamous mold is also known as Strachybotrys chartarum and more often as Strachybotrys atra. It has been closely linked to the death of babies from respiratory bleeding, and as a contributing factor to illnesses such as asthma and bronchitis. According to the CDC(Center of Disease Control), this mold is responsible for over “100 cases of lung disorders”.

Virtually everyone has one type or another of mold somewhere in their home. Although not all types are toxic, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish types without lab testing. Thus it is imperative to treat and remove all molds as if they’re potentially harmful. Regardless of the type of mold found, a home containing mold is not essentially a healthy home.

Mold spores are very easily transported to different areas by attaching themselves to various hosts. These hosts would include people, animals, shoes and they even enter through open windows and doors. The spores then thrive and grow where it is damp and moist. Very toxic molds can develop from water seepage, and while black mold is “less common than other mold species it is not rare”.

Areas and substances where black mold can be found include water soaked wood, ceiling tiles, wall paneling, cardboard, even items made of cotton. Black mold can grow on drywall and insulation and can infest areas in the floors, walls and ceilings.

Moisture is essential to the growth of black mold, and when it is wet it is shiny in appearance. If you were to physically touch a spot of black mold, it would feel slimy and would smear on the area.

When you are contemplating clean up of black mold, you need to verify the extent of the problem. Many of the infested areas will be relatively small and be a result of small leaks or plumbing problems. After discovering the root of the problem and rectifying it, you can disinfect the area with bleach. A mixture of one cup bleach to a gallon of water is sufficient to disinfect the area. Apparently adding a touch of dish soap to the mixture will also aid in dissolving accumulated grease and dirt in the area.

You are to apply the bleach mixture to the moldy area and leave it to saturate the area for approximately fifteen minutes. After this you must take care to thoroughly dry the cleaned area.

Spores from dried mold are very dangerous and should be cleaned with caution. You should never scrape or scratch at dried mold as the spores would then be released into the air and pose an inhalation risk. A respiratory mask and eye protection are necessary and adequate clothing to prevent skin contact is recommended.

If the problem is more internal such as on insulation or throughout a carpet, the only solution is to remove and replace the items. As well an infested area of over 2ft is considered a “heavily infested” area and professional help should be consulted. Mold problems resulting from flooding should also be managed professionally to avoid possible health risk.

According to the CDC, there are some preventative measures you can personally take to battle black mold. The following are some of their suggestions; keep the humidity of the house down, make sure there is adequate ventilation inside the home(especially in the kitchen and bathroom), add mold inhibitors to new paint before painting, use mold killing products to clean and do not use carpet in the bathroom.

Black mold issues are something everyone should be aware of and know how to combat. Search through any news source and you will see that toxic mold is a common cause for school closings. If the school board will go through such measures to eradicate the problem then we should be just as cautious. It is also important to remember that like all other types of fungus, there are some people who may be more sensitive to the effects of black mold. People who have allergies, respiratory disease or any type of immune suppressing disease should be especially wary of this toxic mold.

U.S.A. Indian Reservations

December 29, 2008 by  
Filed under Our Land

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1. ABSENTEE SHAWNEE
2. ACOMA
3. AGUA CALIENTE
4. ALABAMA-COUSHATTA
5. ALABAMA-QUASSARTE CREEKS
*6. ALLEGANY
7. APACHE
*8. BAD RIVER
9. BARONA RANCH
10. BATTLE MOUNTAIN
11. BAY MILLS
12. BENTON PAIUTE
13. BERRY CREEK
14. BIG BEND
15. BIG CYPRESS
16. BIG LAGOON
17. BIG PINE
18. BIG VALLEY
19. BISHOP
20. BLACKFEET
21. BRIDGEPORT
22. BRIGHTON
23. BURNS PAIUTE COLONY
24. CABEZON25. CADDO *
26. CAHUILLA27. CAMPO
28. CAMP VERDE
29. CANONCITO
30. CAPITAN GRANDE
31. CARSON
32. CATAWBA
33. CATTARAUGUS
34. CAYUGA *
35. CEDARVILLE
36. CHEHALIS
37. CHEMEHUEVI
38. CHEROKEE *
#39. CHEYENNE-ARAPAHOE*
40. CHEYENNE RIVER
41. CHICKASAW *
42. CHITIMACHA
43. CHOCTAW *
#44. CITIZEN BAND OF POTAWATOMI *
45. COCHITI
46. COEUR D’ALENE
47. COLD SPRINGS
48. COLORADO RIVER
49. COLVILLE
50. COMANCHE *
51. COOS, LOWER UMPQUA & SIUSLAW
52. COQUILLE *
53. CORTINA
54. COUSHATTA
55. COW CREEK
56. CREEK *
57. CROW
58. CROW CREEK
59. CUYAPAIPE
60. DEER CREEK
61. DELAWARE *
62. DEVILS LAKE
63. DRESSLERVILLE COLONY
64. DRY CREEK
65. DUCKWATER
66. DUCK VALLEY
67. EASTERN SHAWNEE *
68. EAST COCOPAH
69. ELY COLONY
70. ENTERPRISE
71. FALLON
72. FLANDREAU INDIAN SCHOOL
73. FLATHEAD
74. FOND DU LAC
75. FORT APACHE
76. FORT BELKNAP
77. FORT BERTHOLD
78. FORT BIDWELL
79. FORT HALL
80. FORT INDEPENDENCE
81. FORT MCDERMITT
82. FORT MCDOWELL
83. FORT MOHAVE
84. FORT PECK
85. FORT YUMA
86. FT. SILL APACHE *
87. GILA BEND
88. GILA RIVER
89. GOSHUTE
90. GRANDE RONDE
91. GRAND PORTAGE
92. GRAND TRAVERSE
93. GREATER LEECH LAKE
94. GRINDSTONE
95. HANNAHVILLE
96. HAVASUPAI
97. HOH
98. HOLLYWOOD
99. HOOPA VALLEY
100. HOPI
101. HOULTON MALISEETS
102. HUALAPAI103. INAJA
104. IOWA *
105. ISABELLA
106. ISLETA
107. JACKSON
108. JEMEZ
109. JICARILLA
110. KAIBAB
111. KALISPEL
112. KAW *
113. KIALEGEE CREEK *
114. KICKAPOO *
115. KIOWA *
116. KLAMATH *
117. KOOTENAI
118. L’ANSE
119. LAC COURTE OREILLES
120. LAC DU FLAMBEAU
121. LAC VIEUX DESERT
122. LAGUNA
123. LAS VEGAS
124. LAYTONVILLE
125. LA JOLLA
126. LA POSTA
127. LIKELY
128. LONE PINE
129. LOOKOUT
130. LOS COYOTES
131. LOVELOCK COLONY
132. LOWER BRULE
133. LOWER ELWAH
134. LOWER SIOUX
135. LUMMI
136. MAKAH
137. MANCHESTER
138. MANZANITA
139. MARICOPA
140. MASHANTUCKET PEQUOT
141. MATTAPONI +
142. MENOMINEE
143. MESCALERO
144. MIAMI *
145. MICCOSUKEE
146. MIDDLETOWN
147. MILLE LACS
148. MISSION
149. MOAPA
150. MODOC *
151. MOLE LAKE
152. MONTGOMERY CREEK
153. MORONGO
154. MUCKLESHOOT
155. NAMBE
156. NARRAGANSETT
157. NAVAJO158. NETT LAKE
159. NEZ PERCE
160. NIPMOC-HASSANAMISCO +
161. NISQUALLY
162. NOOKSACK
163. NORTHERN CHEYENNE
164. NORTHWESTERN SHOSHONE
165. OIL SPRINGS
166. OMAHA
167. ONEIDA #
168. ONONDAGA
169. ONTONAGON
170. OSAGE
171. OTOE-MISSOURI *
172. OTTAWA *
173. OUT
174. OZETTE
175. PAIUTE
176. PALA
177. PAMUNKEY +
178. PASCUA YAQUI
179. PASSAMAQUODDY
180. PAUCATAUK PEQUOT +
181. PAUGUSETT +
182. PAWNEE *
183. PECHANGA
184. PENOBSCOT
185. PEORIA *
186. PICURIS
187. PINE RIDGE
188. POARCH CREEK
189. POJOAQUE
190. PONCA *
191. POOSEPATUCK +
192. PORT GAMBLE
193. PORT MADISON
194. POTAWATOMI #
195. PRAIRIE ISLE
196. PUERTOCITO
197. PUYALLUP
198. PYRAMID LAKE
199. QUAPAW *
200. QUILLAYUTE
201. QUINAULT
202. RAMAH
203. RAMONA
204. RED CLIFF
205. RED LAKE
206. RENO-SPARKS
207. RINCON
208. ROARING CREEK
209. ROCKY BOYS
210. ROSEBUD
211. ROUND VALLEY
212. RUMSEY
213. SAC AND FOX #
214. SALT RIVER
215. SANDIA
216. SANDY LAKE
217. SANTA ANA
218. SANTA CLARA
219. SANTA DOMINGO
220. SANTA ROSA
221. SANTA ROSA (NORTH)
222. SANTA YNEZ
223. SANTA YSABEL
224. SANTEE
225. SAN CARLOS
226. SAN FELIPE
227. SAN ILDEFONSO
228. SAN JUAN
229. SAN MANUAL
230. SAN PASQUAL
231. SAN XAVIER
232. SAUK SUIATTLE
233. SEMINOLE *
234. SENECA-CAYUGA *
235. SEQUAN
236. SHAGTICOKE +
237. SHAKOPEE
238. SHEEP RANCH
239. SHERWOOD VALLEY
240. SHINGLE SPRING
241. SHINNECOCK +
242. SHOALWATER
243. SHOSHONE
244. SILETZ
245. SISSETON
246. SKOKOMISH
247. SKULL VALLEY
248. SOBOBA
249. SOUTHERN UTE
250. SPOKANE
251. SQUAXON ISLAND
252. ST. CROIX
253. ST. REGIS
254. STANDING ROCK
255. STEWARTS POINT
256. STOCKBRIDGE MUNSEE
257. SUMMIT LAKE
258. SUSANVILLE
259. SWINOMISH
260. TAOS261. TE-MOAK
262. TESUQUE
263. TEXAS KICKAPOO
264. TOHONO O’ODHAM
265. TONAWANDA
266. TONIKAWA *
267. TORRES MARTINEZ
268. TOULUMNE
269. TRINDAD
270. TULALIP
271. TULE RIVER
272. TUNICA-BILOXI
273. TURTLE MOUNTAINS
274. TUSCARORA
275. TWENTYNINE PALMS
276. UMATILLA
277. UINTAH AND OURAY
278. UNITED KEETOOWAH BAND OF CHEROKEE *
279. UPPER SIOUX
280. UPPER SKAGIT
281. UTE MOUNTAIN
282. VERMILION LAKE
283. VIEJAS
284. WALKER RIVER
285. WARM SPRINGS
286. WASHOE
287. WEST COCOPAH
288. WHITE EARTH
289. WICHITA *
290. WIND RIVER
291. WINNEBAGO #
292. WINNEMUCCA
293. WOODFORD INDIAN COMMUNITY
294. WYANDOTTE *
295. XL RANCH
296. YAKAMA
297. YANKTON
298. YAVAPAI
299. YERINGTON
300. YOMBA
301. YSLETA DEL SUR
302. YUROK
303. ZIA
304. ZUNI