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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Mon Apr 05, 2010 10:17 pm 
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Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
DAKOTAH LAND IS NOT FOR SALE.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Mon Apr 05, 2010 10:33 pm 
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who will dispute these words of truth...

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Tue Apr 06, 2010 2:26 am 
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Hello Ghostwarrior, I just want to say this to you ,that you are not alone in this battle of life.There are people praying all the time for Justice For your people ,Remember the Creators Eyes see everything , Stay strong my friend .


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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Tue Apr 06, 2010 8:01 am 
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Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
thank you rainbow... your thoughts and words are deeply appreciated.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Tue Apr 06, 2010 8:38 am 
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Location: deep in thought...
ghostwarrior wrote:
DAKOTAH LAND IS NOT FOR SALE.


the earth mother should not be for sale...

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I must walk the red path, it is the only one...


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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Tue Apr 06, 2010 11:13 am 
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I know there was a court case about the land in Crow creek. but I dont know about the out come Of this case .Lakota.Dakota ,Nakota people have strong respect for Mother earth .Its so beautifull how you think about our Mother ,I wish more people could think in this way.

Ghostwarrior you feel strongly about the things that is happening to your people I sense this .Thats why I ask you to be strong , you and your Brothers and Sisters from every where ,Blessings


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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Sun Apr 11, 2010 10:09 am 
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Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
TREATY WITH THE SIOUX
September 23, 1805
Ratified April 16, 1808.
Never proclaimed by the President.

Conference Between the United States of America and the Sioux Nation of Indians.*

Whereas, a conference held between the United States of America and the Sioux Nation of Indians, Lieut. Z. M. Pike, of the Army of the United States, and the chiefs and warriors of the said tribe, have agreed to the following articles, which when ratified and approved of by the proper authority, shall be binding on both parties:

ARTICLE 1. That the Sioux Nation grants unto the United States for the purpose of the establishment of military posts, nine miles square at the mouth of the river St. Croix, also from below the confluence of the Mississippi and St. Peters, up the Mississippi, to include the falls of St. Anthony, extending nine miles on each side of the river. That the Sioux Nation grants to the United States, the full sovereignty and power over said districts forever, without any let or hindrance whatsoever.

ARTICLE 2. That in consideration of the above grants the United States (shall, prior to taking possession thereof, pay to the Sioux two thousand dollars, or deliver the value thereof in such goods and merchandise as they shall choose).

ARTICLE 3. The United States promise on their part to permit the Sioux to pass, repass, hunt or make other uses of the said districts, as they have formerly done, without any other exception, but those specified in article first.

In testimony hereof, we, the undersigned, have hereunto set our hands and seals, at the mouth of the river St. Peters, on the 23rd day of September, one thousand eight hundred and five.

Z. M. Pike, [SEAL]
First Lieutenant and Agent at the above conference.
Le Petit Carbeau, his x mark. [SEAL.]
Way Aga Enogee, his x mark.[SEAL.]

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Sun Apr 11, 2010 10:10 am 
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TREATY WITH THE TETON
July 19, 1815
Ratified, December 26, 1815.
7 Stat., 125.

A treaty peace and friendship made and concluded at Portage des Sioux, between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part; and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors of the Teeton Tribe of Indians, on the part and behalf of their said Tribe, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and (Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

ARTICLE l. Every injury, or act of hostility, committed by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

ART. 2. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the said Teeton tribe; and the friendly relations that existed between them before the war, shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

ART. 3. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves and their aforesaid tribe to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors of the said tribe, have hereunto subscribed their names, and affixed their seals this nineteenth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

William Clark, [L. S.]
Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]


Eskatapia, the Player, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tantanga, the True Buffaloe; his x mark, [L. S.]
Weechachamanza, the Man of Iron, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ikmouacoulai, the Shooting Tiger, his x mark, [L. S.]
Uakahincoukai, the Wind that Passes, his x mark, [L. S.]
Mazamanie, the Walker in Iron, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wanakagmamee, the Stamper, his x mark, [L. S.]
Washeejonjrtga, the Left-handed Frenchman, his x mark, [L. S.]
Monetowanari, the Bear's Soul, his x mark, [L. S.]


Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of

R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
John Miller, colonel Third Infantry,
H. Dodge, brigadier-general Missouri Militia,
T. Paul, C. T. of the C.
Manuel Lisa, agent,
Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent,
Maurice Blondeaux,
John A. Cameron,
Louis Decouagne,
Louis Dorion,
Cyrus Edwards,
John Hay.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Sun Apr 11, 2010 10:12 am 
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Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
TREATY WITH THE SIOUX OF THE LAKES
July 19, 1815
Ratified December 26, 1815.
7 Stat., 126.

A treaty of friendship, made and concluded at portage des Sioux between, William, Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one art; and the of the Siouxs of the Lakes on the one undersigned Chiefs and Warriors of part and behalf of their Tribe, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

ARTICLE 1. Every injury, or act of hostility, committed by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

ART. 2. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the said tribe of the Lakes, and all the friendly relations that existed between them before the war, shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

ART. 3. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves and their aforesaid tribe to be under the protection of the United States, and of no other-nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors of the aforesaid tribe, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals this nineteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

William Clark, [L. S.]
Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
Tatangamania, the Walking Buffaloe, his x mark, [L. S.]
Haisanwee, the Horn, his x mark, [L. S.]
Aampahaa, the Speaker, his x mark, [L. S.]
Nareesagata, the Hard Stone, his x mark, [L. S.]
Haibohaa, the Branching Horn, his x mark, [L. S.]


Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of

R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
John Miller, colonel Third Infantry,
T. Paul, C. T. of the C.,
Edmund Hall, lieutenant late Twenty-eighth Infantry,
J. B. Clark, adjutant Third Infantry,
Manuel Lisa, agent,
Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent,
Jno. W. Johnson, United States factor and Indian agent,
Mauriee Blondeaux,
Lewis Decouagne,
Louis Dorion,
John A. Cameron,
Jacques Mette,
John Hay.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Sun Apr 11, 2010 10:13 am 
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Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
TREATY WITH THE SIOUX OF ST. PETER'S RIVER
July 19, 1815
Ratified Dec. 26, 1815.
7 Stat., 127.

A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at Portage des Sioux between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, of the one part; and the. Chiefs and Warriors of the Siouxs of the river St. Peter's, on tire part and behalf of their said Tribe, on the other part.

THE parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

ARTICLE 1. Every injury or act of hostility committed by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

ART. 2. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the tribe of the Siouxs of the river St. Peter's; and all the friendly relations that existed between them before the war, shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

ART. 3. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves and their tribe to be under the protection of the United States, and of no other power, nation, or sovereign, whatsoever.

In testimony whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors of the aforesaid tribe, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this nineteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

William Clark, [L. S.]
Ninian Edwards,[L. S.]
Auguste Chouteau,[L. S.]
Enigmanee, that Flies as he Walks, his x mark,[L. S.]
Wasoukapaha, the Falling Hail, his x mark,[L. S.]
Champisaba, the Black War Club, his x mark,[L. S.]
Manpinsaba, the Black Cloud, his x mark,[L. S.]
Tatarnaza, the Iron Wind, his x mark,[L. S.]
Nankanandee, who puts his foot in it, his x mark,[L. S.]


Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of

R. Wash, secretary of the commission,
John Miller, colonel Third Infantry,
H. Paul, C. T. of the C.
John T. Chunn, brevet major of the U. S. Army,
Edmund Hall, lieutenant late Twenty-eighth Infantry,
Manuel Lisa, agent,
Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent,
J. W. Johnson, United States Factor and Indian agent.
Maurice Blondeaux,
Louis Decouagne,
John A. Cameron,
Louis Dorion,
Jacques Matte,
sworn interpreters.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Sun Apr 11, 2010 10:15 am 
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Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
TREATY WITH THE SIOUX
June 1,1816,
Proclamation, December 30, 1816.
7 Stat., 143.

A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded at St. Louis, between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the sai d states, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors, representing eight bands of the Siouxs, composing the three tribes called the Siouxs of the Leaf, the Siouxs of the Broad Leaf, and the Siouxs who shoot in the Pine Tops, on the part and behalf of their said tribes, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribes, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing up on which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

ART. 1. Every injury or act of hostility, committed by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

ART. 2. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States, and all the individuals composing the aforesaid tribes; and all the friendly relations that existed between the m before the war shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

ART. 3. The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their tribes respectively, do, by these presents, confirm to the United States all and every cession, or cessions, of land heretofore made by their tribes to the British, French, or Spanish government, within the limits of the United States or their territories; and the parties here contracting do, moreover, in the sincerity of mutual friendship, recognize, re-establish, and confirm, all and every treaty, contract, and agreement, heretofore concluded between the United States and the said tribes or nations.

ART. 4. The undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, for themselves and their said tribes, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

In witness whereof, the commissioners aforesaid, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, have hereunto subscr ibed their names and affixed their seals, this first day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.


William Clark, [L. S.]
Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
Tatamanee, the Marching Wind, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warmadearwarup, the Man who looks at the Calumet Eagle, his x mark, [L. S.]
Peneshon, his x mark, [L. S.]
Kanggawashecha, or French Crow, his x mark, [L. S. ]
Eanggamanee, the Runner, his x mark [L. S.]
Tatangascartop, the Playing Buffalo, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tatangamarnee, the Walking Buffalo, or Red Wing, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warseconta, who shoots in the Pine tops, his x mark, [L. S.]
Weeshto, the Shoulder, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warmarnosa, the Thief, his x mark, [L. S.]
Shutkaongka, the Bird on the Limb, his x mark, [L. S.]
Shakaska, White Nails, his x mark, [L. S.]
Shuskamanee, the Walking Bird, his x mark, [L. S. ]
Manakohomonee, the Turning Iron, his x mark, [L. S.]
Oocus, the Watchman, his x mark, [L. S.]
Pahataka, the Humming Bird, his x mark, [L. S.]
Eaohungko, the Man who marches quick, his x mark, [L. S.]
Medermee, the Muddy Lake, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tatawaka, the Medicine Wind, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warshushasta, the Bad Hail, his x mark, [L. S.]
Eoshark, the Belly-Ache, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tuquaacundup, the Doctor, his x mark, [L. S.]
Onudokea, the Fluttering E agle, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tusarquarp, he that walks with a Cane, his x mark, [L. S.]
Markpeasena, the Black Cloud, his x mark. [L. S.]
Warksua, nanee, the Man who is sick when he walks, his x mark, [L. S.]
Otangganianee, the Man with a strong voice, his x mark, [L. S.]
Hungkrehearpee, or the Half of his Body Gray, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warpearmusee, the Iron Cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]
Etoagungamanee, the White Face, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warchesunsapa, the Negro, his x m ark, [L. S.]
Ehaarp, the Climber, his x mark, [L. S.]
Nahre, the Shifting Shadow, his x mark, [L. S.]
Hapula, the fourth Son, his x mark, [L. S.]
Marc4wachup, the Dancer, his x mark, [L. S.]
Shantanggaup, the Big Tree, his x mark, [L. S.]
Shongkaska, the White Big-cared Dog, his x mark, [L. S.]
Hasanee, the Buffalo with one Horn, his x mark, [L. S.]
Narissakata, the Old Man who can hardly walk, his x mark, [L. S.]
Aearpa, the Speaker, his x mark, [L. S.]
Mu ckpeasarp, the Black Cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]


Done at St. Louis, in the presence of

R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
R. Paul, C. T. of the C.
Wm. O. Allen, captain U. S. Corps Artillery,
H. S. Geyer,
Joshua Norvell, judge advocate
M. M. N. Boilvin, agent,
Thomas Forsyth, India agent,
Maurice Blondeaux,
Henry Delorier, interpreter,
Pierre Lapointe, interpreter,
Samuel Solomon, interpreter,
Jacques Mette, interpreter,
Cere,
Richard Cave,
Willi Cave,
Julius Pescay.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Tue Apr 13, 2010 7:15 pm 
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Posts: 463
Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
Honor your treaties america.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Tue Apr 13, 2010 10:20 pm 
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OutstaNDiNg,GW.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Wed Apr 14, 2010 9:03 am 
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Location: Crow Creek, Dakota Territory
Treaty with the Teton, Etc., Sioux
June 22, 1825
Proclamation, Feb. 6, 1826
7 Stat., p. 250


Treaty with the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands of the Sioux tribe of Indians.

For the purposes of perpetuating the friendship which has heretofore existed, as also to remove all future cause of discussion or dissension, as it respects trade and friendship between the United States and their citizens, and the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands of the Sioux tribe of Indians, the President of the United States of America, by Brigadier-General Henry Atkinson, of the United States army, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon, Indian Agent, with full powers and authority, specially appointed and commissioned for that purpose of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs, head men and Warriors of the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands of the Sioux tribe of Indians, on behalf of said bands or tribe of the other part, have made and entered into the following Articles and Conditions; which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; shall be binding on both parties--to wit:


ARTICLE 1.

It is admitted by the Teton, Yancton and Yanctonies bands of Sioux Indians, that they reside within the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection. The said bands also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them.


ARTICLE 2.

The United States agree to receive the said Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies band of Sioux Indians into their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them, from time to time, such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States.


ARTICLE 3.

All trade and intercourse with the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands shall be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the President of the United States, through his agents; and none but American citizens, duly authorized by the United States, shall be admitted to trade or hold intercourse with said bands of Indians.


ARTICLE 4.

That the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands may be accommodated with such articles of merchandise, &c as their necessities may demand, the United States agree to admit and license traders to hold intercourse with said tribes or bands, under mild and equitable regulations: in consideration of which, the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands bind themselves to extend protection to the persons and the property of the traders, and the persons legally employed under them, whilst they remain within the limits of their particular district of country. And the said Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands further agree, that if any foreigner or other person, not legally authorized by the United States, shall come into their district of country, for the purposes of trade or other views, they will apprehend such person or persons, and deliver him or them to some United States superintendent, or agent of Indian Affairs, or to the nearest military post, to be dealt with according to law.And they further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be legally authorized by the United States to pass through their country: and to protect, in their persons and property, all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside temporarily among them.


ARTICLE 5.

That the friendship which is now established between the United States and the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands should not be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, it is hereby agreed, that for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made, by the party injured, to the superintendent or agent of Indian affairs, or other person appointed by the President; and it shall be the duty of the said Chiefs, upon complaint being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished agreeably to the laws of the United States. And, in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to said bands, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty, shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the chiefs of the said Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands shall, to the utmost of their power, exert themselves to recover horses or other property, which may be stolen or taken from any citizen or citizens of the United States by any individual or individuals of said bands; and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the agents, or other person authorized to receive it, that it may be restored to the proper owner. And the United States hereby guaranty to any Indian or Indians of said bands, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them by any of their citizens: Provided, That the property so stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the agents, to deliver up any white man resident among them.


ARTICLE 6.

And the Chiefs and Warriors, as aforesaid, promise and engage, their band or tribe will never, by sale, exchange, or as presents, supply any nation or tribe of Indians, not in amity with the United States, with guns, ammunition, or other implements of war.

Done at fort Look-out, near the three rivers of the Sioux pass, this 22d day of June, A. D. 1825, and of the independence of the United States the forty-ninth.

In testimony whereof the said commissioners, Henry Atkinson and Benjamin O'Fallon, and the chiefs, head men, and warriors, of the Teton, Yancton, and Yanctonies bands, of Sioux tribe, have hereunto set their hands, and affixed their seals.

H. Atkinson, brigadier general U. S. Army. [L. S.]
Benj. O'Fallon, United States Agent Indian Affairs Yanctons, [L. S.]


Maw-too-an-be-kin, the black bear, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wacan-o-hi-gnan, the flying medi-cine, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wah-ha-ginga, the little dish, his x mark, [L. S.]
Cha-pon-ka, the musqueto, his x mark, [L. S.]
Eta-ke-nus-ke-an, the mad face, his x mark, [L. S.]
To-ka-oo, the one that kills, his x mark, [L. S.]
O-ga-tee, the fork, his x mark, [L. S.]
You-ia-san, the warrior, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wah-ta-ken-do, the one who comes from war, his x mark, [L. S.]
To-qui-in-too, the little soldier, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ha-sas-hah, the Ioway, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tetons:
Ta-tan-ka-guenish-qui-gnan, the mad buffalo, his x mark, [L. S.]
Mah-to-ken-do-ha-cha, the hollow bear, his x mark, [L. S.]
E-gue-mon-wa-con-ta, the one that shoots at the tiger, his x mark, [L. S.]
Jai-kan-kan-e, the child chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
Shawa-non, or O-e-te-kah, the brave, his x mark, [L. S.]
Man-to-dan-za, the running bear, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wa-can-guela-sassa, the black lightning, his x mark,- [L. S.]
Wa-be-la-wa-con, the medicine war eagle, his x mark, [L. S.]
Cam-pes-cah-o-ran-co, the swift shell, his x mark, [L. S.]
Eh-ra-ka-che-ka-la, the little elk, his x mark, [L. S.]
Na-pe-a-mus-ka, the mad hand, his x mark, [L. S.]
J-a-pee, the soldier, his x mark, [L. S.]
Hoo-wa-gah-hak, the broken leg, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ce-cha-he, or the burnt thigh, his x mark, [L. S.]
O-caw-see-non-gea, or the spy, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ta-tun-ca-see-ha-hue-ka, the buffalo with the long foot, his x mark [L. S.]
Ah-kee-che-ha-che-ga-la, the little soldier, his x mark [L. S.]


In presence of--

A. L. Langham, secretary to the commission,
H. Leavenworth, colonel, U. S. Army,
S. W. Kearney, brevet major, First Infantry,
G. H. Kennerly, U. S. S. Indian agent,
P. Wilson, U. S. S. Indian agent,
Wm. Armstrong, captain, Sixth Regiment Infantry,
R. B. Mason, captain, First Infantry,
J. Gantt, captain, Sixth Infantry,
S. Mac Ree, lieutenant and aid de camp,
Wm. S. Harney, lieutenant, First Infantry,
Thomas Noel, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry.
B. Riley, captain, Sixth Infantry,
James W. Kingsbury, lieutenant, First Regiment,
S. Wragg, adjutant, First Regiment,
G. C. Spencer, captain, First Regiment,
A. S. Miller, lieutenant, First Infantry,
H. Swearingen, lieutenant, First Infantry,
Thos. P. Gwynn, lieutenant, First Infantry,
M. W. Batman, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
George C. Hutter, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
J. Rogers, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
Wm. Day, lieutenant, First Infantry,
John Gale, surgeon, U. S. Army,
D. Ketchurn, major, U.S. Army,
R. H. Stuart, lieutenant, First Infantry,
Wm. Gordon,
Jean Baptiste Dorion.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Wed Apr 14, 2010 4:26 pm 
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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Thu Apr 15, 2010 9:06 am 
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TREATY WITH THE SIOUNE AND OGLALA TRIBES
July 12, 1825
Proclamation, Feb. 6, 1826
7 Stat., p. 252.


For the purpose of perpetuating the friendship which has heretofore existed, as also to remove all future cause of discussion or dissension, as it respects trade and friendship between the United States and their citizens, and the Sioune and Ogallala bands of the Sioux tribe of Indians, the President of the United States of America, by Brigadier-General Henry Atkinson, of the United States Army, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon, Indian Agent, with full powers and authority, specially appointed and commissioned for that purpose, of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs, Head-men, and Warriors, of the said Sioune and Ogallala bands of Sioux Indians, on behalf of their bands, of the other part, have made and entered into the following articles and conditions, which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate shall be binding on both parties,to wit:


ARTICLE 1.

It is admitted by the Sioune and Ogallala bands of Sioux Indians, that they reside within the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection. The said bands also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them.


ARTICLE 2.

The United States agree to receive the Sioune and Ogallala bands of Sioux into their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them, from time to time, such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States.


ARTICLE 3.

All trade and intercourse with the Sioune and Ogallala bands shall be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the President of the United States, through his agents; and none but American citizens, duly authorized by the United States, shall be admitted to trade or hold intercourse with said bands of Indians.


ARTICLE 4.

That the Sioune and Ogallala bands may be accommodated With such articles of merchandise, &c, as their necessities may demand, the United States agree to admit and license traders to hold intercourse with said bands, under mild and equitable regulations: in consideration of which, the Sioune and Ogallala bands bind themselves to extend protection to the persons and the property of the traders, and the persons legally employed under them, whilst they remain within the limits of their particular district of country. And the said Sioune and Ogallala bands further agree, that if any foreigner or other persons, not legally authorized by the United States, shall come into their district of country, for the purposes of trade or other views, they will apprehend such person or persons, and deliver him or them to some United States superintendent, or agent of Indian affairs, or to the commandant of the nearest military post, to be dealt with according to law.And they further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be legally authorized by the United States to pass through their country; and to protect, in their persons and property, all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside temporarily among them; nor will they, whilst on their distant excursions, molest or interrupt any American citizen or citizens who may be passing from the United States to New Mexico or returning from thence to the United States.


ARTICLE 5.

That the friendship, which is now established between the United States and the Sioune and Ogallala bands should not be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, it is hereby agreed, that for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made, by the injured party, to the superintendent or agent of Indian affairs, or other person appointed by the President; and it shall be the duty of said Chiefs, upon complaint being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons, against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished agreeably to the laws of the United States. And, in like manner, if any robbery, violence or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to the said bands, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the chiefs of said Sioune and Ogallala bands shall, to the utmost of their power, exert themselves to recover horses or other property, which may be stolen or taken from any citizen or citizens of the United States, by any individual or individuals of said bands; and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the agents or other person authorized to receive it, that it may be restored to the proper owner. And the United States hereby guaranty to any Indian or Indians of said bands, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them by any of their citizens: Provided, The property stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Sioune and Ogallala bands engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the agents, to deliver up any white man resident among them.


ARTICLE 6.

And the Chiefs and Warriors, as aforesaid, promise and engage, that their bands will never, by sale, exchange, or as presents, supply any nation, tribe, or band of Indians, not in amity with the United States, with guns, ammunition, or other implements of war. Done at the mouth of the Teton river, this 5th day of July, A. D. 1825, and of the independence of the United States the fiftieth.

In testimony whereof, the said commissioners, Henry Atkinson and Benjamin O'Fallon, and the chiefs, head men, and warriors, of the Sioune and Ogallala bands, have hereunto set their hands, and affixed their seals.

H. Atkinson, Brigadier-General, U. S. Army. [L. S.]
Benj. O' Fallon, United States agent Indian Affairs. [L. S.]
Siounes chiefs:
Wah-e-ne-ta, the Rushing Man, his x mark, [L. S.]
Cah-re-we-ca-ca, the Crow Feather, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ma-ra-sea, the White Swan, his x mark, [L. S.]
Chan-dee, theTobacco, his x mark, [L. S.]
O-ke-ma, the Chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tow-cow-sa'-no-pa, the Two Lance, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warriors:
Chan-ta-wah-nee-cha, the Notieart, his x mark, [L. S.]
He-hum-pee, the one that has a voice in his neck, his x mark, [L. S.]
Num-cah-pay, the one that knocks down two, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ogallala chiefs:
Ta-tun-ca-nash-sha, the Standing Buffalo, his x mark, [L. S.]
He-a-long-ga, the Shoulder, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ma-to-weet-co, the Full White Bear, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wa-na-re-wag-she-go, the Ghost Boy, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warriors:
Ek-hah-ka-sap-pa, the Black Elk, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tah-tong-ish-nan-na, the One Buffalo, his x mark, [L. S.]
Mah-to-ta-tong-ca, the Buffalo White Bear, his x mark, [L. S.]
Nah-ge-nish-ge-ah, the Mad Soul, his x mark, [L. S.]


Siounes of the Fire-hearts band who sign at Camp Hidden Creek, on the 12th July, 1825:

Chiefs:
Chan-ta-pa-ta, the Fire-heart, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wah-con-ta-mon-ee, the one that shoots as he walks, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ke-ah-ash-sha-pa, the one that makes a noise as he flies, his x mark, [L. S.]
Warriors:
Mato-co-kee-pa, the one that is afraid of the White Bear, his x mark. [L. S.]
Ho-ton-co-kee-pa, the one that is afraid of his voice, his x mark, [L. S.]
Wom-dish-ki-a-ta, the Spotted War Eagle, his x mark, [L. S.]
Cha-lon-we-eha-ea-ta, the one that kills the buffalo, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ca-re-no-pa, the Two Crows, his x mark, [L. S.]
Ca-re-a-tun-ca, the Crow that sits down, his x mark, [L. S.]
To-ke-a-we-cha-ca-ta, the one that kills first, his x mark, [L. S.]

In the presence of--

P. Wilson, U. S. S. Indian agent,
John Gale, surgeon, U. S. Army,
D. Ketchum, major, U. S. Army,
Levi Nute, lieutenant, U. S. Army,
G. C. Spencer, captain, First Infantry,
M. W. Batman, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
Wm. Armstrong, captain, Sixth Regiment Infantry,
Jas. W. Kingsbury, lieutenant, First Regiment Infantry,
R. Holmes, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
R. M. Coleman, U. S. Army,
W. L. Harris, lieutenant, First Infantry,
H. Leavenworth, colonel, U. S. Army,
B. Riley, captain, Sixth Infantry,
S. Wragg, adjutant, First Regiment Infantry,
Wm. Day, lieutenant, U. S. Army,
C. Pentland, captain, Sixth Infantry,
G. H. Kennerly, U. S. S. Indian agent,
Thos. P. Gwynn, lieutenant, First Infantry.


Witnesses to the signatures of the Fire-hearts band, as executed on the 12th July, 1825:


A. L. Langham, secretary to the Commission,
G. H. Kennerly, U. S. S. Indian agent,
H. Leavenworth, colonel, U. S. Army,
S. W. Kearny, brevet major, First Infantry,
P. Wilson, U. S. S. Indian agent,
R. M. Coleman, U. S. Army,
Wm. Armstrong, captain, Sixth Regiment Infantry,
J. Gantt, captain, Sixth Infantry.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Thu Apr 15, 2010 9:07 am 
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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Fri Apr 16, 2010 10:27 am 
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TREATY WITH THE HUNKPAPA BAND OF THE SIOUX TRIBE
July 16, 1825
Proclamation, Feb. 6, 1826
7 Stat., 257.

For the purpose of perpetuating the friendship which has heretofore existed, as also to remove all future cause of discussion or dissension, as it respects trade and friendship between the United States and their citizens, and the Hunkpapas band of the Sioux tribe of Indians, the President of the United States of America, by Brigadier-General Henry Atkinson, of the United States Army, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon, Indian agent, with full powers and authority, specially appointed and commissioned for that purpose, of the one part, and the undersigned Chiefs, Headmen, and Warriors of the said Hunkpapas band of Sioux Indians, on behalf of their band, of the other part, have made and entered into the following Articles and Conditions; which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be binding on both parties.


ARTICLE 1.

It is admitted by the Hunkpapas band of Sioux Indians that they reside within the territorial limits of the United States, acknowledge their supremacy, and claim their protection. The said band also admit the right of the United States to regulate all trade and intercourse with them.


ARTICLE 2.
The United States agree to receive the Hunkpapas band of Sioux into their friendship, and under their protection, and to extend to them from time to time such benefits and acts of kindness as may be convenient, and seem just and proper to the President of the United States.


ARTICLE 3.

All trade and intercourse with the Hunkpapas band shall be transacted at such place or places as may be designated and pointed out by the President of the United States, through his agents; and none but American citizens, duly authorized by the United States, shall be admitted to trade or hold intercourse with said band of Indians.


ARTICLE 4.

That the Hunkpapas band may be accommodated with such articles of merchandise, &c., as their necessities may demand, the United States agree to admit and license traders to hold intercourse with said band under mild and equitable regulations: in consideration of which, the Hunkpapas band bind themselves to extend protection to the persons and the property of the traders, and the persons legally employed under them, whilst they remain within the limits of their particular district of country. And the said Hunkpapas band further agree, that if any foreigner, or other person not legally authorized by the United States, shall come into their district of country, for the purposes of trade or other views, they will apprehend such person or persons, and deliver him or them to some United States superintendent or agent of Indian affairs, or to the commandant of the nearest military post, to be dealt with according to law. And they further agree to give safe conduct to all persons who may be legally authorized by the United States to pass through their country, and to protect in their persons and property all agents or other persons sent by the United States to reside temporarily among them.


ARTICLE 5.

That the friendship which is now established between the United States and the Hunkpapas band should not be interrupted by the misconduct of individuals, it is hereby agreed that, for injuries done by individuals, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, but instead thereof, complaints shall be made, by the injured party, to the superintendent or agent of Indian affairs, or other person appointed by the President: and it shall be the duty of said Chiefs, upon complaint being made as aforesaid, to deliver up the person or persons against whom the complaint is made, to the end that he or they may be punished agreeably to the laws of the United States. And in like manner, if any robbery, violence, or murder, shall be committed on any Indian or Indians belonging to the said band, the person or persons so offending shall be tried, and if found guilty, shall be punished in like manner as if the injury had been done to a white man. And it is agreed, that the chiefs of said Hunkpapas band shall, to the utmost of their power, exert themselves to recover horses or other property, which may be stolen or taken from any citizen or citizens of the United States, by any individual or individuals of said band; and the property so recovered shall be forthwith delivered to the agents or other person authorized to receive it, that it may be restored to the proper owner. And the United States hereby guarranty to any Indian or Indians of said band, a full indemnification for any horses or other property which may be stolen from them by any of their citizens: Provided, That the property stolen cannot be recovered, and that sufficient proof is produced that it was actually stolen by a citizen of the United States. And the said Hunkpapas band engage, on the requisition or demand of the President of the United States, or of the-agents, to deliver up any white man resident among them.


ARTICLE 6.

And the Chiefs and Warriors, as aforesaid, promise and engage that their band will never, by sale, exchange, or as presents, supply any nation or tribe of Indians, not in amity with the United States, with guns, ammunition, or other implements of war.

Done at the Auricara Village, this sixteenth day of July, A. D. 1825, and of the independence of the United States the fiftieth.

In testimony whereof, the said commissioners, Henry Atkinson, and Benjamin O'Fallon, and the chiefs, head men, and warriors of the Hunkpapas tribe of Indians, have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals.

H. Atkinson, brigadier-general, U. S. Army, [L. S.]
Benj. O' Fallon, United States agent Indian affairs, [L. S.]


Mato-che-gal-lah, Little White Bear, his x mark, [L. S.]
Cha-sa-wa-ne-che, the one that has no name, his x mark, [L. S.]
Tah-hah-nee-ah, the on e that scares the game, his x mark, [L. S.]


In presence of--

A. L. Langham, secretary to the commission,
H. Leavenworth, colonel, U. S. Army,
P. Wilson, U. S. S. Indian agent,
G. H. Kennedy, U. S. S. Indian agent,
G. C. Spencer, captain, First Infantry,
John Gale, surgeon, U. S. Army,
R. M. Coleman, U. S. Army,
John Gantt, captain, Sixth Infantry,
Taw-ome-nee-o-tah, the Womb, his x mark,
Mah-to-wee-tah, the White Bear's face, his x mark,
Pah-sal-sa, the Auricara, his x mark,
Ha-hah-kus-ka, the White Elk, his x mark,
J. Rogers, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
D. Ketchum, major, U. S. Army,
Jas. W. Kingsbury, lieutenant, First Regiment Infantry,
Thomas Noel, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
R. H. Stuart, lieutenant, First Infantry.
Levi Nute, lieutenant, U. S. Army,
Collin Campbell.

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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Fri Apr 16, 2010 10:27 am 
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 Post subject: Re: A state of war between Crow Creek Dakotah Oyate and the US
PostPosted: Fri Apr 16, 2010 11:22 pm 
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TREATY WITH THE SIOUX, ETC.
August 19, 1825
Proclamation. Feb. 6, 1826.
7 Stat., 272.

Treaty with the Sioux and Chippewa, Sacs and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Sioux, Winnebago, and a portion of the Ottawa, Chippewa, Potawattomie, Tribes.

THE United States of America have seen with much regret, that wars have for many years been carried on between the Sioux and the Chippewas, and more recently between the confederated tribes of Sacs and Foxes, and the Sioux; and also between the Ioways and Sioux; which, if not terminated, may extend to the other tribes, and involve the Indians upon the Missouri, the Mississippi, and the Lakes, in general hostilities. In order, therefore, to promote peace among these tribes, and to establish boundaries among them and the other tribes who live in their vicinity, and thereby to remove all causes of future difficulty, the United States have invited the Chippewa, Sac, and Fox, Menominie, Ioway, Sioux, Winnebago, and a portion of the Ottowa, Chippewa and Potawatomie Tribes of Indians living upon the Illinois, to assemble together, and in a spirit of mutual conciliation to accomplish these objects; and to aid therein, have appointed William Clark and Lewis Cass, Commissioners on their part, who have met the Chiefs, Warriors, and Representatives of the said tribes, and portion of tribes, at Prairie des Chiens, in the Territory of Michigan, and after full deliberation, the said tribes, and portions of tribes, have agreed with the United States, and with one another, upon the following articles:


ARTICLE 1.

There shall be a firm and perpetual peace between the Sioux and Chippewas; between the Sioux and the confederated tribes of Sacs and Foxes; and between the Ioways and the Sioux.


ARTICLE 2.

It is agreed between the confederated Tribes of the Sacs and Foxes, and the Sioux, that the Line between their respective countries shall be as follows: Commencing at the mouth of the Upper Ioway River, on the west bank of the Mississippi, and ascending the said Ioway river, to its left fork; thence up that fork to its source; thence crossing the fork of Red Cedar River, in a direct line to the second or upper fork of the Desmoines river; and thence in a direct line to the lower fork of the Calumet river; and down that river to its juncture with the Missouri river. But the Yancton band of the Sioux tribe, being principally interested in the establishment of the line from the Forks of the Desmoines to the Missouri, and not being sufficiently represented to render the definitive establishment of that line proper, it is expressly declared that the line from the forks of the Desmoines to the forks of the Calumet river, and down that river to the Missouri, is not to be considered as settled until the assent of the Yancton band shall be given thereto. And if the said band should refuse their assent, the arrangement of that portion of the boundary line shall be void, and the rights of the parties to the country bounded thereby, shall be the same as if no provision had been made for the extension of the line west of the forks of the Desmoines. And the Sacs and Foxes relinquish to the tribes interested therein, all their claim to land on the east side of the Mississippi river.


ARTICLE 3.

The Ioways accede to the arrangement between the Sacs and Foxes, and the Sioux; but it is agreed between the Ioways and the confederated tribes of the Sacs and Foxes, that the Ioways have a just claim to a portion of the country between the boundary line described in the next preceding article, and the Missouri and Mississippi; and that the said Ioways, and Sacs and Foxes, shall peaceably occupy the same, until some satisfactory arrangement can be made between them for a division of their respective claims to country.


ARTICLE 4.

The Ottoes not being represented at this Council, and the Commissioners for the United States being anxious that justice should be done to all parties, and having reason to believe that the Ottoes have a just claim to a portion of the country upon the Missouri, east and south of the boundary line dividing the Sacs and Foxes and the Ioways, from the Sioux, it is agreed between the parties interested therein, and the United States, that the claim of the Ottoes shall not be affected by any thing herein contained; but the same shall remain as valid as if this treaty had not been formed.


ARTICLE 5.

It is agreed between the Sioux and the Chippewas, that the line dividing their respective countries shall commence at the Chippewa River, half a day's march below the falls; and from thence it shall run to Red Cedar River, immediately below the falls; from thence to the St. Croix River, which it strikes at a place called the standing cedar, about a day's paddle in a canoe, above the Lake at the mouth of that river; thence passing between two lakes called by the Chippewas "Green Lakes," and by the Sioux "the lakes they bury the Eagles in," and from thence to the standing cedar that "the Sioux Split;" thence to Rum River, crossing it at the mouth of a small creek called choaking creek, a long day's march from the Mississippi; thence to a point of woods that projects into the prairie, half a day's march from the Mississippi; thence in a straight line to the mouth of the first river which enters the Mississippi on its west side above the mouth of Sac river; thence ascending the said river (above the mouth of Sac river) to a small lake at its source; thence in a direct line to a lake at the head of Prairie river, which is supposed to enter the Crow Wing river on its South side; thence to Otter-tail lake Portage; thence to said Otter tail lake, and down through the middle thereof, to its outlet; thence in a direct line, so as to strike Buffalo river, half way from its source to its mouth, and down the said river to Red River; thence descending Red river to the mouth of Outard or Goose creek: The eastern boundary of the Sioux commences opposite the mouth of Ioway river, on the Mississippi, runs back two or three miles to the bluffs, follows the bluffs, crossing Bad axe river, to the mouth of Black river, and from Black river to half a day's march below the Falls of the Chippewa River.


ARTICLE 6.

It is agreed between the Chippewas and Winnebagoes, so far as they are mutually interested therein, that the southern boundary line of the Chippewa country shall commence on the Chippewa river aforesaid, half a day's march below the falls on that river, and run thence to the source of Clear Water river, a branch of the Chippewa; thence south to Black river; thence to a point where the woods project into the meadows, and thence to the Plover Portage of the Ouisconsin.


ARTICLE 7.

It is agreed between the Winnebagoes and the Sioux, Sacs and Foxes, Chippewas and Ottawas, Chippewas and Potawatomies of the Illinois, that the Winnebago country shall be bounded as follows: south easterly by Rock River, from its source near the Winnebago lake, to the Winnebago village, about forty miles above its mouth; westerly by the east line of the tract, lying upon the Mississippi, herein secured to the Ottawa, Chippewa and Potawatomie Indians, of the Illinois; and also by the high bluff, described in the Sioux boundary, and running north to Black river: from this point the Winnebagoes claim up Black river, to a point due west from the source of the left fork of the Ouisconsin; thence to the source of the said fork, and down the same to the Ouisconsin; thence down the Ouisconsin to the portage, and across the portage to Fox river; thence down Fox river to the Winnebago lake, and to the grand Kan Kanlin, including in their claim the whole of Winnebago lake; but, for the causes stated in the next article, this line from Black river must for the present be left indeterminate.


ARTICLE 8.

The representatives of the Menominies not being sufficiently acquainted with their proper boundaries, to settle the same definitively, and some uncertainty existing in consequence of the cession made by that tribe upon Fox River and Green Bay, to the New York Indians, it is agreed between the said Menominie tribe, and the Sioux, Chippewas, Winnebagoes, Ottawa, Chippewa and Potawatomie Indians of the Illinois, that the claim of the Menominies to any portion of the land within the boundaries allotted to either of the said tribes, shall not be barred by any stipulation herein; but the same shall remain as valid as if this treaty had not been concluded. It is, however, understood that the general claim of the Menominies is bounded on the north by the Chippewa country, on the east by Green Bay and lake Michigan extending as far south as Millawaukee river, and on the West they claim to Black River.


ARTICLE 9.

The country secured to the Ottawa, Chippewa, and Potawatomie tribes of the Illinois, is bounded as follows: Beginning at the Winnebago village, on Rock river, forty miles from its mouth and running thence down the Rock river to a line which runs from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi, and with that line to the Mississippi, opposite to Rock Island; thence up that river to the United States reservation, at the mouth of the Ouisconsin; thence with the south and east lines of the said reservation to the Ouisconsin; thence, southerly, passing the heads of the small streams emptying into the Mississippi, to the Rock river at the Winnebago village. The Illinois Indians have also a just claim to a portion of the country bounded south by the Indian boundary line aforesaid, running from the southern extreme of lake Michigan, east by lake Michigan, north by the Menominie country, and north-west by Rock river. This claim is recognized in the treaty concluded with the said Illinois tribes at St. Louis, August 24, 1816, but as the Millewakee and Manctoowalk bands are not represented at this Council, it cannot be now definitively adjusted.


ARTICLE 10.

All the tribes aforesaid acknowledge the general controlling power of the United States, and disclaim all dependence upon, and connection with, any other power. And the United States agree to, and recognize, the preceding boundaries, subject to the limitations and restrictions before provided. It being, however, well understood that the reservations at Fever River, at the Ouisconsin, and St. Peters, and the ancient settlements at Prairie des Chiens and Green Bay, and the land property thereto belonging, and the reservations made upon the Mississippi, for the use of the half breeds, in the treaty concluded with the Sacs and Foxes, August 24, 1824, are not claimed by either of the said tribes.


ARTICLE 11.

The United States agree, whenever the President may think it necessary and proper, to convene such of the tribes, either separately or together, as are interested in the lines left unsettled herein, and to recommend to them an amicable and final adjustment of their respective claims, so that the work, now happily begun, may be consummated. It is agreed, however, that a Council shall be held with the Yancton band of the Sioux, during the year 1826, to explain to them the stipulations of this treaty, and to procure their assent thereto, should they be disposed to give it, and also with the Ottoes, to settle and adjust their title to any of the country claimed by the Sacs, Foxes, and Ioways.


ARTICLE 12.

The Chippewa tribe being dispersed over a great extent of country, and the Chiefs of that tribe having requested, that such portion of them as may be thought proper, by the Government of the United States, may be assembled in 1826, upon some part of Lake Superior, that the objects and advantages of this treaty may be fully explained to them, so that the stipulations thereof may be observed by the warriors. The Commissioners of the United States assent thereto, and it is therefore agreed that a council shall accordingly be held for these purposes.


ARTICLE 13.

It is understood by all the tribes, parties hereto, that no tribe shall hunt within the acknowledged limits of any other without their assent, but it being the sole object of this arrangement to perpetuate a peace among them, and amicable relations being now restored, the Chiefs of all the tribes have expressed a determination, cheerfully to allow a reciprocal right of hunting on the lands of one another, permission being first asked and obtained, as before provided for.


ARTICLE 14.

Should any causes of difficulty hereafter unhappily arise between any of the tribes, parties hereunto, it is agreed that the other tribes shall interpose their good offices to remove such difficulties; and also that the government of the United States may take such measures as they may deem proper, to effect the same object.


ARTICLE 15.

This treaty shall be obligatory on the tribes, parties hereto, from and after the date hereof, and on the United States, from and after its ratification by the government thereof.

Done, and signed, and scaled, at Prairie des Chiens, in the territory of Michigan, this nineteenth day of August, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five, and of the independence of the United States the fiftieth.

William Clark, [L. S.]
Lewis Cass, [L. S.]
Sioux:
Wa-ba-sha, x or the leaf, [L. S.]
Pe-tet-te x Corbeau, little crow, [L. S.]
The Little x of the Wappitong tribe, [L. S.]
Tartunka-nasiah x Sussitong, [L. S.]
Sleepy Eyes, x Sossitong, [L. S.]
Two faces x Sossitong, [L. S.]
French Crow x Wappacoota, [L. S.]
Kee-jec x Wappacoota, [L. S.]
Tar-se-ga x Wappacoota, [L. S.]
Wa-ma-de-tun-ka x black dog, [L. S.]
Wan-na-ta x Yancton, or he that charges on his enemies, [L. S.]
Red Wing x [L. S.]
Ko-ko-ma-ko x [L. S.]
Sha-co-pe x the Sixth, [L. S.]
Pe-ni-si-on x [L. S.]
Eta-see-pa x Wabasha's band, [L. S.]
Wa-ka-u-hee, x Sioux band, rising thunder, [L. S.]
The Little Crow, x Sussetong, [L. S.]
Po-e-ha-pa x Me-da-we-con-tong, or eagle head, [L. S.]
Ta-ke-wa-pa x Wappitong, or medicine blanket, [L. S.]
Tench-ze-part, x his bow, [L. S.]
Masc-pu-lo-chas-tosh, x the white man, [L. S.]
Te-te-kar-munch, x the buffalo man, [L. S.]
Wa-sa-o-ta x Sussetong, or a great of hail, [L. S.]
Oeyah-ko-ca, x the crackling tract, [L. S.]
Mak-to-wah-ke-ark, x the bear, [L. S.]
Winnebagoes:
Les quatres jambes, [L. S.]
x Carimine, x the turtle that walks, [L. S.]
De-ca-ri, [L. S.]
x Wan-ca-ha-ga, x or snake's skin, [L. S.]
Sa-sa-ma-ni, [L. S.]
x Wa-non-che-qua, x the merchant, [L. S.]
Chon-que-pa, x or dog's head, [L. S.]
Cha-rat-chon, x the smoker, [L. S.]
Ca-ri-ca-si-ca, x he that kills the crow Watch-kat-o-que, x the grand canoe, [L. S.]
Ho-wa-mick-a, x the little elk, [L. S.]
Men omi nees:
Ma-can-me-ta, x medicine bear, [L. S.]
Chau-wee-nou-mi-tai, x medicine south wind, [L. S.]
Char-o-nee, x [L. S.]
Ma-wesh-a, x the little wolf, [L. S.]
A-ya-pas-mis-ai, x the thunder that turns, [L. S.]
Cha-ne-pau, x the riband, [L. S.]
La-me-quon, x the spoon, [L. S.]
En-im-e-tas, x the barking wolf, [L. S.]
Pape-at, x the one just arrived, [L. S.]
O-que-men-ce, x the little chief, [L. S.]

Chippewas:
Shinguaba x W'Ossin, 1st chief of the Chippewa nation, Saulte St. Marie, [L. S.]
Gitspee x Jiauba, 2d chief, [L. S.]
Gitspee x Waskee, or le boeuf of la pointe lake Superior, [L. S.]
Nain-a-boozhu, x of lapointe lake Superior, [L. S.]
Monga, x Zid or loon's foot of Fond du Lac, [L. S.]
Weescoup, x or sucre of Fond du Lac, [L. S.]
Mush-Koas, x or the elk of Fond du Lac, [L. S.]
Nau-bun x Aqeezhik, of Fond du Lac, [L. S.]
Kau-ta-waubeta, x or broken tooth of Sandy lake, [L. S.]
Pugisaingegen, x or broken arm of Sandy lake, [L. S.]
Kwee-weezaishish, x or gross guelle of Sandy lake, [L. S.]
Ba-ba-see-kundade, x or curling hair of Sandy lake, [L. S.]
Paashineep, x or man shooting at the mark of Sandy lake, [L. S.]
Pu-ga-a-gik, x the little beef, Leech lake, [L. S.]
Pee-see-ker, x or buffalo, St. Croix band, [L. S.]
Nau-din, x or the wind, St. Croix band, [L. S.]
Nau-quan-a-bee, x of Mille lac, [L. S.]
Tu-kau-bis-hoo, x or crouching lynx of Lac Courte Oreille, [L. S.]
The Red Devil, x of Lac Courte Oreille, [L. S.]
The Track, x of Lac Courte Oreille, [L. S.]
Ne-bo-na-bee, x the mermaid Lac Courte Oreille, [L. S.]
Pi-a-gick, x the single man St. Croix, [L. S.]
Pu-in-a-ne-gi, x, or the hole in the day, Sandy lake, [L. S.]
Moose-o-mon-e, x plenty of elk, St. Croix band, [L. S.]
Nees-o-pe-na, x or two birds of Upper Red Cedar lake, [L. S.]
Shaata, x the pelican of Leech lake, [L. S.]
Che-on-o-quet, x the great cloud of Leech lake, [L. S.]
I-au-ben-see, x the little buck of Red lake, [L. S.]
Kia-wa-tas, x the tarrier of Leech lake, [L. S.]
Mau-ge-ga-bo, x the leaderof Leech lake, [L. S.]
Nan-go-tuck, x the flame of Leech lake, [L. S.]
Nee-si-day-sish, x the sky of Red lake, [L. S.]
Pee-chan-a-nim, x striped feather of Sandy lake, [L. S.]
White Devil, x of Leech lake, [L. S.]
Ka-ha-ka, x the sparrow, Lac Courte Oreille, [L. S.]
I-au-be-ence, x little buck of Rice lake, [L. S.]
Ca-ba-ma-bee, x the assembly of St. Croix, [L. S.]
Nau-gau-nosh, x the forward man lake Flambeau, [L. S.]
Caw-win-dow, x he that gathers berries of Sandy Lake, [L. S.]
On-que-ess, the mink, lake Superior, [L. S.]
Ke-we-ta-ke-pe, x all round the sky, [L. S.]
The-sees, x [L. S.]
Ottawas:
Chaboner, x or Chambly, [L. S.]
Shaw-fau-wick, x the mink, [L. S.]
Potawatomies:
Ignace, x [L. S.]
Ke-o-kuk, x [L. S.]
Che-chan-quose, x the little crane, [L. S.]
Taw-wa-na-nee, x the trader, [L. S.]

Sacs:
Na-o-tuk, x the stabbing chief, [L. S.]
Pish-ken-au-nee, x all fish, [L. S.]
Po-ko-nau-qua, x or broken arm, [L. S.]
Wau-kau-che, x eagle nose, [L. S.]
Quash-kaume, x jumping fish, [L. S.]
Ochaach, x the fisher, [L. S.]
Ke-o-kuck, x the watchful fox, [L. S.]
Skin-gwin-ee-see, the x ratler, [L. S.]
Was-ar-wis-ke-no, x the yellow bird, [L. S.]
Pau-ko-tuk, x the open sky, [L. S.]
Au-kaak-wan-e-suk, x he that vaults on the earth, [L. S.]
Mu-ku-taak-wan-wet, x[L. S.]
Mis-ke-bee, x the standing hair, [L. S.]

Foxes:
Wan-ba-law, x the playing fox, [L. S.]
Ti-a-mah, x the bear that makes the rocks shake, [L. S.]
Pee-ar-maski, x the jumping sturgeon, [L. S.]
Shagwa-na-tekwishu, x the thunder that is heard all over the world, [L. S.]
Mis-o-win, x moose deer horn, [L. S.]
No-ko-wot, x the down of the fur, [L. S.]
Nau-sa-wa-quot, x the bear that sleeps on the forks, [L. S.]
Shin-quirt-is, x the ratler, [L. S.]
O-lo-pee-aau, x or Mache-paho-ta, [L. S.]
the bear, [L. S.]
Keesis, x the sun, [L. S.]
No-wank, x he that gives too little, [L. S.]
Kan-ka-mote, x [L. S.]
Neck-wad, x [L. S.]
Ka-tuck-e-kan-ka, x the fox with a spotted breast, [L. S.]
Mock-to-back-sa-gum, x black tobacco, [L. S.]
Wes-kesa, x the bear family, [L. S.]

Ioways:
Ma-hos-ka, x the white cloud, [L. S.]
Pumpkin, x [L. S.]
Wa-ca-nee, x the painted medicine, [L. S.]
Tar-no-mun, x a great many deer, [L. S.]
Wa-hoo-ga, x the owl, [L. S.]
Ta-ca-mo-nee, x the lightning, [L. S.]
Wa-push-a, x the man killer, [L. S.]
To-nup-he-non-e, x the flea, [L. S.]
Mon-da-tonga, x [L. S.]
Cho-wa-row-a, x [L. S.]


Witnesses:

Thomas Biddie, secretary,
R. A. McCabe, Captain Fifth Infantry,
R. A. Forsyth,
N. Boilvin, United States Indian agent,
C. C. Trowbridge, sub Indian agent,
Henry R. SchoolCraft, United States Indian agent,
B. F. Harney, Surgeon U. S. Army,
W. B. Alexander, sub Indian agent,
Thomas Forsyth, agent Indian affairs,
Marvien Blondau,
David Bailey,
James M'Ilvaine, lieutenant U. S. Army,
Law. Taliaferro, Indian agent for Upper Mississippi,
John Holiday,
William Dickson,
S. Campbell, United States interpreter,
J. A. Lewis,
William Holiday,
Dunable Denejlevy,
Bela Chapman.

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